CLICK HERE FOR SURVIVAL LINKS
I AM NOT SELLING ANYTHING. SURVIVAL IS SOMETHING WE ALL SHOULD BE AWARE OF AND I ONLY WANT SURVIVAL INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO ANY WHO ARE INTERESTED.
This site is in its early stages of development. Many years ago I created this website which got hacked and as things are developing, felt compelled to put some information out. Come back often to see what more may have been added.
I do recommend you print the information out and put it in notebooks. You never know when the grid may go down. It's also a good idea to consider a short period like one month to fill your survival needs and add to the time and stuff based on your finances and room for storage. For example, consider what it would take for your family to live without electricity for one month.
Some of the information and links may involve opinions in religion and politics. These subjects are not something I automatically agree to.
FAIR USE NOTICE: I am not selling nor trying to sell anything to anyone. I think this information is vital, especially those who have not had any practice in prepping, The Website may contain copyrighted material the use of which may not always be specifically authorized by the copyright owner. In such a case we are making the material available in our efforts to advance understanding of basic survival. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law.
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on the Website is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. I have deleted some links to the main web pages that are no longer in service.
LifeSkills International and Echod Enterprise are not responsible for the information in the links and may not agree with opinions expressed. These articles are for information only.
A SURVIVAL KIT...FOR YOUR PET
This website has just about everything you will ever need to know.
We value our pets for companionship and protection, and we owe it to our pets to be responsible for their care. If we take care of them, they’ll take care of us.
In the case of an emergency or disaster like an earthquake, flood or hurricane, pets can get lost or disoriented. If we’re not properly prepared for an emergency, we may find ourselves helpless. Just like people, pets need food, water and occasionally medication. Similarly, unsanitary conditions promote disease, complicating an already difficult situation. Cats, exotic birds and other pets may develop breeding populations that cause havoc in neighborhoods and further aggravate problems.
The best way to avoid these problems is to maintain a Pet Survival Kit and keep it in an easy to transport container.
WHAT'S I N A PET SURVIVAL KIT
The best pet survival kits will contain at least the following items:
Your pet’s survival depends on you even when times are easy. When survival is at stake, you need to be prepared to continue caring for your pets so that they remain healthy and able to provide you with the companionship or security you’ll need in an emergency. A pet survival kit should be required gear for any pet owner.
We do not recommend the use of 30 and 50 gallon water containers as these containers can weight up to 450 pounds, which is too heavy and dangerous for use around children and others, can easily be transported and allows the user to not "store all of their eggs in one basket" meaning you may store these smaller containers in different areas around the home or office. Smaller containers are the safest choice around hurricane and earthquake prone areas. We highly recommend the use of 2.5, 5 gallon and 15 gallon water drum or also know as water storage barrel, plastic water storage containers as they are a safe, practical solution for home and business emergency water storage needs. Our storage containers are made of FDA approved plastic and are small enough to take with you on-foot and in your vehicle. Your emergency drinking should be stored in portable containers that can be stored in a many different locations to assure you have access to freshly stored drinking water in the event a single location is damaged and made inaccessible in a disaster. Smaller water containers can also be shared easily with friends and family members if needed.
If an earthquake, hurricane, winter storm or other disaster strikes your community, you might not have access to food, water and electricity for days, or even weeks. By taking some time now to store emergency food and water supplies, you can provide for your entire family.
Having an ample supply of clean water is a top priority in an emergency. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need even more. You will also need water for food preparation and hygiene. Store a total of at least one gallon per person, per day. You should store at least a two-week supply of water for each member of your family.
If supplies run low, never ration water. Drink the amount you need today, and try to find more for tomorrow. You can minimize the amount of water your body needs by reducing activity and staying cool.
In addition to having a bad odor and taste, contaminated water can contain microorganisms that cause diseases such as dysentery, typhoid and hepatitis. You should treat all water of uncertain purity before using it for drinking, food preparation or hygiene.
There are many ways to treat water. None is perfect. Often the best solution is a combination of methods.
Two easy treatment methods are outlined below.
These measures will kill most microbes but will not remove other contaminants such as heavy metals, salts and most other chemicals. Before treating, let any suspended particles settle to the bottom, or strain them through layers of paper towel or clean cloth.
Boiling: Boiling is the safest method of treating water. Bring water to a rolling boil for 3-5 minutes, keeping in mind that some water will evaporate. Let the water cool before drinking.
Boiled water will taste better if you put oxygen back into it by pouring the water back and forth between two clean containers. This will also improve the taste of stored water.
DISINFECTION: You can use household liquid bleach to kill microorganisms. Use only regular household liquid bleach that contains 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite. Do not use scented bleaches, color safe bleaches or bleaches with added cleaners.
Add 16 drops of bleach per gallon of water, stir and let stand for 30 minutes. If the water does not have a slight bleach odor, repeat the dosage and let stand another 15 minutes.
The only agent used to treat water should be household liquid bleach. Other chemicals, such as iodine or water treatment productssold in camping or surplus stores that do not contain 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite as the only active ingredient, are not recommended and should not be used.
While the two methods described above will kill most microbes in water, distillation will remove microbes that resist these methods, and heavy metals, salts and most other chemicals.
DISTILLATION: Distillation involves boiling water and then collecting the vapor that condenses back to water. The condensed vapor will not include salt and other impurities. To distill, fill a pot halfway with water. Tie a cup to the handle on the pot's lid so that the cup will hang right-side-up when the lid is upside-down (make sure the cup is not dangling into the water) and boil the water for 20 minutes. The water that drips from the lid into the cup is distilled.
Store your water in thoroughly washed plastic, glass, fiberglass or enamel-lined metal containers. Never use a container that has held toxic substances. Plastic containers, such as plastic containers found at Preparedness.com (this site is no longer available) are best. You can also purchase large or small food-grade plastic water containers or large water storage drums.
Seal water containers tightly, label them and store in a cool, dark place. Rotate water every six months.
EMERGENCY OUTDOOR WATER SOURCES
If you need to find water outside your home, you can use these sources. Be sure to treat the water according to the instructions on page 3 before drinking it.
Hidden Water Sources in Your Home
If a disaster catches you without a stored supply of clean water, you can use the water in your hot-water tank, pipes and ice cubes. As a last resort, you can use water in the reservoir tank of your toilet (not the bowl).
Do you know the location of your incoming water valve? You'll need to shut it off to stop contaminated water from entering your home if you hear reports of broken water or sewage lines.
To use the water in your pipes, let air into the plumbing by turning on the faucet in your house at the highest level. A small amount of water will trickle out. Then obtain water from the lowest faucet in the house.
To use the water in your hot-water tank, be sure the electricity or gas is off, and open the drain at the bottom of the tank. Start the water flowing by turning off the water intake valve and turning on a hot-water faucet. Do not turn on the gas or electricity when the tank is empty.
A FEW SUN OVEN LINKS
One of the primary things to consider when buying or making a solar oven is; "what kind of foods are you planning to cook."
This may seem obvious but it will have an effect on the ease of use, effectiveness and cooking results of different foods when using a particular style or kind of solar cooker.
You can, of course cover all bases by building or purchasing one of each style of solar cooker,( as many people do) which would greatly increase your cooking capacity and reduce the length of cook time.
If you plan to buy; please visit first our Solar Oven Comparisons page http://www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/solar_oven_comparisons.html for the top Commercial Solar Cookers,and if you plan to build, please visit best materials for home made solar cookers http://www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/homemade_solar_ovens.html
One concern for people is the safety of using solar cookers. The most important safety tip for cooking with the sun is NOT TO STARE INTO THE REFLECTED RAYS. YOU SHOULD WEAR DARK SUNGLASSES WITH UV PROTECTION AT ALL TIMES. The sun's rays can burn your eyes and cause blindness if the proper precautions are not taken. Special attention should be given to fire safety as well. Parabolic solar cookers should be covered when not in use.
You might ask yourself; am I mostly interested in baked goods such as breads, cakes, cookies etc., or do I want to do more of the high moisture content dishes such as soups, stews, chilies and meats that are ideal for slow, low temperature cooking, or do I want to be able to fry and grill some of my foods...or all of these?
...Most all of the solar cookers available in the three main classes can cook a large range of foods whether dry or moist, but some are more suited to specific kinds of foods than are others.
Cooking time with a parabolic cooker is similar to a conventional stove, and a box oven is similar to a conventional oven. Cooking may take longer is there are fog, clouds or shadow.
Since Dishes are allowed to blend and cook in their own juices, the food retains its nutrients. No vitamins or minerals are lost in the process. The only necessity is sunlight; even snowy climates can enjoy the advantages of solar cooking.
Parabolic cookers require closer attention because they can reach much higher temperatures.
HEAVENS FLAME BOX COOKER Similar to GSO
A good sized box cooker is capable of baking foods on a tray/baking sheet and at the same time can cook together with a pot of fresh vegetables or a soup with the same satisfactory results.
Generally a box cooker, with the aid of panel reflectors, can reach very hot temperatures which are ideal for most general baking needs, but will do great for moist foods as well.
Note: Most traditional method cookbooks will state specific temperatures for baking cakes, pies or cookies. But you will soon find out that you can cook just fine; pretty much any kind of pastry, in a solar oven. The most notable difference will be the lengths of time due to a lower cooking temperature…remember it just takes longer using a solar cooker.
…it is not always possible, nor is it necessary to maintain a cooking temperature of 300° F or higher in order to cook baked goods.
Higher temperatures indicated in traditional cook books are designed more for convenience, (time) and for browning, crisping, or setting of cakes and pastries.
Solar Box cookers will usually maintain cooking temperatures between 200° F up to 350° F., depending on the type of food being cooked.
This style of solar cooker is also quite safe and usually requires very little supervision and guidance since it is difficult to burn or scorch the food.
You can leave your cooking food unattended for longer periods of time when using this style of cooker because of greater heat retention and a diminished need to track the sun as often.
Box cookers are generally considered more stable and less apt to tip over due to their normally larger base and weight.
When they are well constructed with quality materials; they are usually more airtight and have a higher insulation rating, allowing for higher and more efficient cooking temperatures.
HOT POT PANEL COOKER
A major plus when using a panel cooker is that, it does not require adjustment or alignment as often as say, a parabolic cooker.
A major disadvantage is that wind can affect the cooking temperatures a little more than a box cooker and can grab the reflector panels like a sail on a boat, so it is necessary to anchor this cooker if there is a breeze.
A solar panel cooker is also one of the easiest and least expensive to make using common materials found in the home or at a hardware store.
Minimal ability and supervision is required to use a cooker of this style, and even some young children can be taught to safely use one.
Remember also, it is quite difficult to burn or overcook food in this kind of cooker.
A Parabolic Solar Cooker is generally capable of maintaining higher cooking temperatures than a box or panel style cooker and therefore can be used for grilling and even frying.
The single biggest drawback to a parabolic cooker is the need to adjust the angle and direction of the cooker more frequently (as compared to other styles of cookers) for maximum cooking efficiency.
Comparatively, the amount of food that can be cooked at one time in a parabolic is less than in a box or panel cooker due to the size of the cooking pot or pan.
But, because the parabolic can achieve higher temperatures, and do so more quickly, foods can be cooked quicker allowing for more individual meals to be cooked. This gives it a big plus in some people’s opinions.
Due to higher temperatures and the more frequent need to adjust the cooker, a more experienced user/cook is recommended while cooking with a parabolic, as opposed to the lesser necessity with box or panel cookers.
Do not let the uniqueness of a solar parabolic keep you from trying one of these cookers though. The skilled use of this cooker is easily achievable with a small amount of use and practice, and it will pay off with far larger benefits in the end.
Note: Our own children know how to safely use our parabolics.
The second most common drawback to a parabolic cooker is the higher complexity in design and build. Many people have built very efficient and practical parabolic cookers from scratch using readily available materials, but most will admit they are more involved than other styles of solar cookers. These cookers are (usually) more expensive to make, and the commercially manufactured ones, though of high quality, are (usually) more expensive.
But, as is always the case, you can find some great, inexpensive models of parabolic cookers that will serve very well your solar cooking needs.
My favorite, for its simplicity and cost, would be the solar funnel cooker made from a car windshield sun reflector. All that is needed to create this effective and very portable cooker is an automobile windshield reflector, an oven bag, a black roaster pan, a bucket and voila; you are cooking your first sun baked meal.You can find out more about the funnel cooker here: Solar Panel Cooker Windshield Shade Solar Funnel CookerWhile experimenting with various designs of cookers over the past year to introduce in the indigenous communities where I live and work in southern Mexico, I hit upon an utterly simple way to make an instant portable solar oven. Taking a reflective accordion-folded car windshield shade, you can turn it into a version of the solar funnel, by simply sewing on little Velcro tabs along the long notched side. Here’s how:
Note: I first tried sewing these on a sewing machine, but found it cut through the reflective material.
Press the Velcro pieces together, and set the funnel on top of a bucket or a round or rectangular plastic wastebasket.
Place a black pot on top of a square cake rack, placed inside a plastic baking bag. A standard size rack in the U.S. is 25 cm. (10 in.). This is placed inside the funnel, so that the rack rests on the top edges of the bucket or wastebasket.
Since the sunshade material is soft and flexible, the rack is necessary to support the pot. It also allows the suns rays to shine down under the pot and reflect on all sides. If such a rack is not available, a wire frame could be made to work as well. Note: the flexible material will squash down around the sides of the rack.
The funnel can be tilted in the direction of the sun.
A stick placed across from one side of the funnel to the other helps to stabilize it in windy weather. (see below)
After cooking, simply fold up your “oven” and slip the elastic bands in place for easy travel or storage.
I have found this totally simple solar oven extremely practical, as it is so lightweight and easy to carry along anywhere. But in addition, it has reached a higher temperature in a shorter time than all the other models I have experimented with so far (I haven’t used a parabolic) - a little above 350 degrees F.
I have cooked black beans in about the same amount of time as on a gas stove; I’ve used it to bake breads, granola, brownies, lasagna, all sorts of vegetables, and to purify water.
The sunshade may not be available everywhere, but I suspect it can be found in most urban areas, since I found it here in southern Mexico. The Velcro was also available in fabric stores. Cost of the sunshade was about $3.00 USD; the Velcro about $.25.
Oaxaca, OAX 68000